The Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. Ford Automobile was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903, The company of cars and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and most luxurious cars sold under the brand name Lincoln. Ford also owns Brazilian SUV manufacturer, Troller and Australian performance car manufacturer FPV. In the past, it also produced tractors and auto components. Ford owns a stake of 2.1% in Mazda of Japan, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom, and a 49% stake in Jiangling China. It also has a number of joint ventures, one in China (Changan Ford Mazda), one in Taiwan, one in Thailand (AutoAlliance Thailand), one in Turkey (Ford Otosan), and Russia (Ford Sollers). It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and controlled by the family Ford, although their minority ownership.
Ford Motor Company sells a wide range of cars under the Ford brand worldwide, and an additional series of luxury cars under the Lincoln brand in the United States. The company has vehicles sold under a number of other Marques in its history. The brand Mercury by Ford in 1939, continuing production until 2011 when poor sales led to its discontinuation. In 1958, Ford brand Edsel, but poor sales led to its discontinuation in 1960. In 1985, the brand Merkur in the United States introduced to the market products manufactured by Ford of Europe; it was discontinued in 1989.
Ford trucks manufactured since 1908, starting with the Ford Model TT, followed by the Model AA, and the Model BB. Countries, where Ford commercial vehicle is or was previously produced, include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada (also referred to as Mercury), France, Germany, India, Netherlands, Philippines, Spain (badged Ebro s), Turkey, the United Kingdom (badged also Fordson and Thames) and the USA. From the 1940s to the late 1970s Ford Ford F-series has been used as the basis for light trucks for the North American market.
Most of these companies are now extinct. The European one that lasted longest became the truck’s arm of Ford of Britain, which is part of the Iveco group in 1986. Ford has a minority stake in the new company and Iveco over sales and production of the Ford Cargo series. Ford’s last significant European truck models were the Transcontinental and cargo. In the United States, Ford’s heavy truck division (Class 7 and 8) were sold in 1997 to Freightliner trucks, the occupation as Sterling branded. Freight is in the process of stopping the line.
Ford manufactures complete buses in the early history of the company, but today the role of the company has changed to that of a second stage manufacturer. In North America, the E-series is still used as a stand for small school buses and the F-650 used in commercial bus market. In the 1980s and 1990s, the medium-duty B700 was a popular chassis used by school bus body manufacturers including Thomas Building, Ward and Bluebird, but Ford has built its market share to industry contraction and similarities between body manufacturers.
The “Henry Ford and Son Company” started making Fordson tractors hometown of Springwells (later part of Dearborn), Michigan’s Henry 1907-1928, 1919-1932, in Cork, Ireland, and from 1933 to 1964 in Dagenham, England, transferred later is to Basildon. They are also produced in Leningrad began in 1924.
In 1986, Ford expanded its tractor business when it bought the Sperry-New Holland skid-steer loader and hay baler, hay tools and implements company of Sperry Corporation and formed Ford New Holland Versatile tractors were bought in 1988. This company was bought by Fiat in 1993 and changed the name of Ford New Holland to New Holland. New Holland is now part of CNH Global.