The Ferrari S.p.A. A is a manufacturer of luxury sports cars based in Maranello, Italy. Today, Ferrari continues to top the shortlist for high-priced, high-powered, and high-style Italian metal-hungry buyers. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 from the Alfa Romeo racing division under the name Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company produced its first car in 1940, and in 1947 the first car mounted under the Ferrari brand. Ferrari has left Alfa Romeo on the condition that it does not use the name Ferrari in connection with racing or racing cars for at least four years.
The first Ferrari-branded car was a 1947 125 C, powered by a 1.5-liter V12 engine, and Enzo Ferrari reluctantly produced and sold its own cars to finance the Scuderia Ferrari. In the first decade of the new millennium, Ferrari released various models. Attractions include the Ferrari F430, Ferrari Enzo, Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano and Ferrari 458 Italia. The name Scuderia Ferrari has been revived to represent factory racing cars and to distinguish them from cars produced by customer groups.
Since its inception, Ferrari has been involved in motorsports in a number of categories, including Formula 1 and sports car racing through its Scuderia Ferrari sports division, as well as delivering cars and engines to other teams and participating in one-time racing series. Engineering and design are done by Ferrari, sometimes in collaboration with exterior design houses such as Pininfarina or Fioravanti, and the vehicles are fully homologated to road legality. The first car completed under this program was the SP1, manufactured in 2008 by a Japanese business leader, and the second was a P540 Superfast Aperta ordered by an American collector.
Ferrari Road cars
The first car created under the Ferrari name was the 125C. Only two of these small two-seater sports / racing V12 cars have been produced. In 1949, 166 Inter were introduced, which means that the company has made a significant step into the major travel car market. The first 166 Inter is a four-seater (2 + 2) Berlinetta coupe with a body designed by Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera. Road cars quickly became a major part of Ferrari sales. Early Ferrari cars typically had bodies designed and customized by independent wagon manufacturers such as Pininfarina, Scaglietti, Zagato, Vignale, and Bertone.
The original road cars were typically two-seater front-wheel-drive V12s. This platform served Ferrari very well during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1968, the Dino was introduced as the first two-seater rear mid-engined Ferrari. The Dino is mostly powered by a V6 engine, but the V8 model has also been developed. This rear mid-engine model began to be used in many Ferrari cars in the 1980s, 1990s, and to this day. Current road cars typically use V8 or V12 engines, with V8 models accounting for more than half of the brand’s total production. Historically, Ferrari has also produced 12 flat engines.
The 1984 288 GTO can be considered the first among Ferrari supercars. This generation stretched from Enzo Ferrari to LaFerrari. In February 2019, at the 89th Geneva International Motor Show, Ferrari unveiled its latest mid-engined V8 supercar, the F8 Tributo. The Ferrari SF90 is the first Ferrari to have a Stradale PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) architecture, in which the internal combustion engine is combined with three electric motors, two of which are independent and on the front axle, and the third on the front axle. rear between engine and gearbox
Ferrari Conceptual cars and special products
Ferrari has developed several concept cars, such as Mythos. While some of them were very radical and were never intended for production, others such as Mythos showed elements of style that were later incorporated into production models. The latest concept car produced by Ferrari was the 2010 Millechili. Disposable special versions of Ferrari cars were also produced, which were handed over to wagon builders by wealthy owners. Recent examples include P4/5 and 412 Kappa.
Ferrari Bio-fuel and hybrid cars
The Ethanol-powered F430 Spider was unveiled at the Detroit Auto Show. At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, Ferrari unveiled a hybrid version of its 599 flagships. Called the “HY-KERS concept,” the Ferrari hybrid system adds more than 100 horsepower to the 592 Fiorano’s 612 horsepower. The flagship LaFerrari was also launched in mid-2014.